Over the past 10 seasons, farmers in most regions have increased soybean acreage. In 2019, 1579 thousand hectares of soybeans were sown in Ukraine, which is approximately 17.5% of Ukraine’s sown area.
Soybean is a valuable source of B vitamins (except B12). Its seeds contain calcium, phosphorus, carotene, thiamine, biotin, riboflavin, niacin, pyroxidine, pantothenic acid, biotic, folic acid, inositol, choline.
Soy has unique biopharmaceutical properties and is needed by people with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, hypertension, gastrointestinal disorders, kidney and prostate diseases, to prevent diseases from radiation pollution, which is relevant for our country.
Soybeans and processed products have good fodder qualities. It is used for fattening all kinds of animals and poultry in the form of seeds, green mass, hay, haylage, grass meal, meal, protein concentrates, soy milk, etc.
As you can see, the scope of soybeans is quite large, and so farmers increase the sown area for this crop. So, today we will talk about how to increase soybean yields in our (no longer so fertile!) fields and how to unleash the potential of fields with the correct use of “Organic Compost” and become successful in the agricultural business in growing soybeans.
Thus, soybeans – an annual herbaceous cultivated plant of the legume family, has high requirements for moisture and heat. The need for heat increases from seed germination to germination, and then to flowering and seed formation, during ripening the temperature requirements are slightly reduced.
Soybeans use much more water to form crops than cereals. When sowing soybean fields, it is necessary to take into account that the soils of Ukraine are significantly damaged by wind erosion and overdried, so without the use of compost, which moisturizes and prevents compaction, one should not hope for a good harvest. The optimum soil moisture during the growing season should be not less than 70-80%, and at the time of ripening should not decrease to 60% of the lowest moisture content. The most intensive water consumption occurs in the phase of flowering and bean formation. During this period, soybeans consume 60-70% of the total amount of water for the entire growing season. At very low humidity on plants new beans are not formed, there is a dump of already formed beans. Soybeans can be grown on all types of soils, but they should not be acidic and poorly aerated, note that compost provides the necessary air access to the root system and prevents overdrying of the topsoil. Soybeans do not tolerate prolonged flooding (more than 3 days), salinity and acidity below pH 5.5.
Soybeans are legumes that have nodule bacteria on their root system and use them to fix nitrogen from the air. Soy is the most responsive to the presence of trace elements, which are contained in the largest amount in our compost – nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and other plant nutrients. This interaction of soybeans with compost “Organic Compost” provides an increase in yield by 10-15%.
Compost under soybean should be applied 5 t / ha. The main application is recommended in the autumn with a process at 6-8 cm.
We wish generous soybean harvests and prosperity to your business together with “Organic Compost”! Contact us with any questions. Always ready to cooperate!